Linux Commands Examples

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network

netcat : NC(1) BSD General Commands Manual NC(1) nc — arbitrary TCP and UDP connections and listens
ping : 6 send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST to network hosts
nmcli : – commandline tool for controlling NetworkManager
telnet : user interface to the TELNET protocol
sftp : secure file transfer program
openssl : OpenSSL command line tool
...

shell

busybox : The Swiss Army Knife of Embedded Linux
gnome-terminal : is a terminal emulation application.
which : locate a command
fusermount : mount and unmount FUSE filesystems
watch : execute a program periodically, showing output fullscreen
locale : specific information.
...

filesystem

resize2fs : ext2/ext3/ext4 file system resizer
chown : change file owner and group
passwd : change user password
fsck : check and repair a Linux filesystem
hdparm : get/set SATA/IDE device parameters
mkfs.ext3 : create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
...

programming

strace : trace system calls and signals
MAKEDEV : create devices
busybox : The Swiss Army Knife of Embedded Linux
startpar : start runlevel scripts in parallel
ncurses5-config : helper script for ncurses libraries
passwd : change user password
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file

passwd : change user password
su : change user ID or become superuser
mkfs.ext2 : create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
egrep : , fgrep, rgrep print lines matching a pattern
hexdump : , hd ASCII, decimal, hexadecimal, octal dump
loadunimap : load the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table
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graphic manipulation

start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
gimp : an image manipulation and paint program.
transfig : creates a makefile for portable LaTeX figures
pbmtomda : convert a portable bitmap to a Microdesign .mda
pilfile.py :
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
...

database

mysqlimport : a data import program
mysqld_safe : MySQL server startup script
find : search for files in a directory hierarchy
mysql_zap : kill processes that match a pattern
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
...

X

gnome-terminal : is a terminal emulation application.
xfreerdp : FreeRDP X11 client
gksudo : GTK+ frontend for su and sudo
xload : system load average display for X
passwd : change user password
start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
...

package management

aptd : package managing daemon proving a D-Bus interface
lame : create mp3 audio files
start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
pnmenlarge : read a portable anymap and enlarge it N times
dpkg-deb : Debian package archive (.deb) manipulation tool
dpkg-maintscript-helper : works around known dpkg limitations in maintainer scripts
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printer

ppdc : cups ppd compiler
ghostscript : Ghostscript (PostScript and PDF language interpreter and previewer)
sldtoppm : convert an AutoCAD slide file into a portable pixmap
lprm : cancel print jobs
cweave : translate CWEB to C and/or TeX
nohup : run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
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text manipulation

loadunimap : load the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table
awk : pattern scanning and processing language
dvdrip : GUI for copying DVDs
sha1sum : compute and check SHA1 message digest
nohup : run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
nl : number lines of files
...

privacy

passwd : change user password
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
avconv : avconv video converter
pdb3.3 : the Python debugger
gzexe : compress executable files in place
...

sound manipulation

audacity : Graphical cross-platform audio editor
gst-launch-1.0 : build and run a GStreamer pipeline
avconv : avconv video converter
pdb3.3 : the Python debugger
sha1sum : compute and check SHA1 message digest
jack_evmon :
...

Access Control List

su : change user ID or become superuser
mkfs.vfat : create an MS-DOS file system under Linux
sha1sum : compute and check SHA1 message digest
loadunimap : load the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table
lame : create mp3 audio files
cweave : translate CWEB to C and/or TeX
...

file compression

pdb3.3 : the Python debugger
scp-dbus-service :
file-roller : archive manager for GNOME
lzcat : Compress or decompress .xz and .lzma files
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
nohup : run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
...

text editor

pdb3.3 : the Python debugger
cweave : translate CWEB to C and/or TeX
cpp : The C Preprocessor
kerneloops : program to collect and submit kernel oopses to kerneloops.org
update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
gedit : text editor for the GNOME Desktop
...

boot settings

update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
syslinux : install the SYSLINUX bootloader on a FAT filesystem
iconv : Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
nohup : run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
pdb3.3 : the Python debugger
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
...

font

mft : translate Metafont or MetaPost code to TeX code for prettyprinting
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
alias :
pdb3.3 : the Python debugger
iconv : Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
...

mail

thunderbird : Mail User Agent (MUA) and newsgroup/RSS client for X11 derived from the Mozilla suite.
update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
pdb3.3 : the Python debugger
sha1sum : compute and check SHA1 message digest
logrotate : rotates, compresses, and mails system logs
lame : create mp3 audio files
...

Media Player

nohup : run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
ping : 6 send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST to network hosts
subtitle2pgm :
svlc : , nvlc, rvlc, cvlc the VLC media player
spd-conf : A simple tool for basic configuration of Speech Dispatcher and problem diagnostics
update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
...

webserver

a2ensite : enable or disable an apache2 site / virtual host
passwd : change user password
iconv : Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
lame : create mp3 audio files
loadunimap : load the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table
pdb3.3 : the Python debugger
...

virtualization

airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
pdb3.3 : the Python debugger
iconv : Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
busybox : The Swiss Army Knife of Embedded Linux
lame : create mp3 audio files
...

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