Linux Commands Examples

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network

netcat : NC(1) BSD General Commands Manual NC(1) nc — arbitrary TCP and UDP connections and listens
nmcli : – commandline tool for controlling NetworkManager
ping : 6 send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST to network hosts
telnet : user interface to the TELNET protocol
sftp : secure file transfer program
openssl : OpenSSL command line tool
...

shell

busybox : The Swiss Army Knife of Embedded Linux
watch : execute a program periodically, showing output fullscreen
locale : specific information.
startpar : start runlevel scripts in parallel
xargs : build and execute command lines from standard input
gnome-terminal : is a terminal emulation application.
...

filesystem

resize2fs : ext2/ext3/ext4 file system resizer
chown : change file owner and group
fsck : check and repair a Linux filesystem
fsck.ext4 : check a Linux ext2/ext3/ext4 file system
mkfs.ext3 : create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
mkfs : build a Linux filesystem
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programming

strace : trace system calls and signals
busybox : The Swiss Army Knife of Embedded Linux
startpar : start runlevel scripts in parallel
MAKEDEV : create devices
glib-compile-resources : GLib resource compiler
pdb2.7 : the Python debugger
...

file

su : change user ID or become superuser
mkfs.ext2 : create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
egrep : , fgrep, rgrep print lines matching a pattern
hexdump : , hd ASCII, decimal, hexadecimal, octal dump
chcon : change file security context
passwd : change user password
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graphic manipulation

start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
gimp : an image manipulation and paint program.
loadunimap : load the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table
dkms : Dynamic Kernel Module Support
bmptoppm : convert a BMP file into a portable anymap
pamoil : turn a PAM image into an oil painting
...

database

mysqlimport : a data import program
mysqld_safe : MySQL server startup script
mysql_fix_extensions : normalize table file name extensions
bluez-test-service :
pwd : print name of current/working directory
gst-launch-1.0 : build and run a GStreamer pipeline
...

X

xfreerdp : FreeRDP X11 client
gnome-terminal : is a terminal emulation application.
iconv : Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
xsm : X Session Manager
firefox : a free and open source web browser from Mozilla
xlsclients : list client applications running on a display
...

printer

ghostscript : Ghostscript (PostScript and PDF language interpreter and previewer)
ppdc : cups ppd compiler
smbspool : send a print file to an SMB printer
sha1sum : compute and check SHA1 message digest
xclock : analog / digital clock for X
font2c : Write PostScript Type 0 or Type 1 font as C code
...

package management

dpkg-architecture : set and determine the architecture for package building
iconv : Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
gst-launch-1.0 : build and run a GStreamer pipeline
MAKEDEV : create devices
aptd : package managing daemon proving a D-Bus interface
start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
...

text manipulation

chcon : change file security context
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
ip : show / manipulate routing, devices, policy routing and tunnels
find : search for files in a directory hierarchy
gedit : text editor for the GNOME Desktop
cweave : translate CWEB to C and/or TeX
...

privacy

tor : The second-generation onion router
iconv : Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
chattr : change file attributes on a Linux file system
tor-gencert : Generate certs and keys for Tor directory authorities
start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
wpa_passphrase : Generate a WPA PSK from an ASCII passphrase for a SSID
...

sound manipulation

audacity : Graphical cross-platform audio editor
gst-launch-1.0 : build and run a GStreamer pipeline
wavpack : encode wav files to wavpack
kerneloops : program to collect and submit kernel oopses to kerneloops.org
loadunimap : load the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table
avconv : avconv video converter
...

file compression

lzcat : Compress or decompress .xz and .lzma files
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
nohup : run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
avconv : avconv video converter
start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
filterdiff : extract or exclude diffs from a diff file
...

Access Control List

su : change user ID or become superuser
iconv : Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
gst-launch-1.0 : build and run a GStreamer pipeline
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
usermod : modify a user account
login : begin session on the system
...

text editor

bibtex.original : make a bibliography for (La)TeX
loadunimap : load the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table
find : search for files in a directory hierarchy
spd-conf : A simple tool for basic configuration of Speech Dispatcher and problem diagnostics
nohup : run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
pgrep : , pkill look up or signal processes based on name and other attributes
...

font

ofm2opl : convert Omega and TeX font-metric files to property-list files
cweave : translate CWEB to C and/or TeX
mft : translate Metafont or MetaPost code to TeX code for prettyprinting
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
alias :
...

boot settings

grub-mkimage : make a bootable image of GRUB
spd-conf : A simple tool for basic configuration of Speech Dispatcher and problem diagnostics
update-grub : stub for grub-mkconfig
syslinux : install the SYSLINUX bootloader on a FAT filesystem
iconv : Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
nohup : run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
...

Media Player

amarok : The audio player for KDE
sha1sum : compute and check SHA1 message digest
nohup : run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
subtitle2pgm :
svlc : , nvlc, rvlc, cvlc the VLC media player
spd-conf : A simple tool for basic configuration of Speech Dispatcher and problem diagnostics
...

mail

mimeopen : Open files by mimetype
spd-conf : A simple tool for basic configuration of Speech Dispatcher and problem diagnostics
nohup : run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
avconv : avconv video converter
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
...

virtualization

VBoxControl : x86 virtualization solution
spd-conf : A simple tool for basic configuration of Speech Dispatcher and problem diagnostics
nohup : run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
cweave : translate CWEB to C and/or TeX
avconv : avconv video converter
airtun-ng : a virtual tunnel interface creator for aircrack-ng
...

webserver

a2ensite : enable or disable an apache2 site / virtual host
loadunimap : load the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table
sha1sum : compute and check SHA1 message digest
nohup : run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
start-stop-daemon : start and stop system daemon programs
spd-conf : A simple tool for basic configuration of Speech Dispatcher and problem diagnostics
...

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