Linux Commands Examples

A great documentation place for Linux commands


file perusal filter for crt viewing

see also : vi - less


more [-dlfpcsu] [-num] [+/pattern] [+linenum] [file ...]

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ps axu | more

## What does it do ?

List all the processes currently running, even those without the controlling terminal, together with the name of the user that owns each process.
example added by LeBerger
more ./akfm/*.txt

How can I set `less` or `more` max lines (scrollable height) limit/boundary in linux?

What is the output of echo $LESS ?

Does it work right if you LESS="" less /path/to/25line/file.txt ?


Don't display filenames along with the contents when using "more"


cat file1 file2 file3 ... filen | more

See all output from commands performed inside screen

You can try:

  • Ctr-a [ and move up and down with the arrow keys, esc for exit.
  • <commamd> | less if you are in a regular bash terminal


more is a filter for paging through text one screenful at a time. This version is especially primitive. Users should realize that less(1) provides more(1) emulation plus extensive enhancements.


Command-line options are described below. Options are also taken from the environment variable MORE (make sure to precede them with a dash (’’-’’)) but command line options will override them.


This option specifies an integer which is the screen size (in lines).


more will prompt the user with the message "[Press space to continue, ’q’ to quit.]" and will display "[Press ’h’ for instructions.]" instead of ringing the bell when an illegal key is pressed.


more usually treats ^L (form feed) as a special character, and will pause after any line that contains a form feed. The -l option will prevent this behavior.


Causes more to count logical, rather than screen lines (i.e., long lines are not folded).


Do not scroll. Instead, clear the whole screen and then display the text.

Notice that this option is switched on automatically if the executable is named page.


Do not scroll. Instead, paint each screen from the top, clearing the remainder of each line as it is displayed.


Squeeze multiple blank lines into one.


Suppress underlining.


The +/ option specifies a string that will be searched for before each file is displayed.


Start at line number num.


The more command is part of the util-linux package and is available from

util-linux February 2011 util-linux


Interactive commands for more are based on vi(1). Some commands may be preceded by a decimal number, called k in the descriptions below. In the following descriptions, ^X means control-X.

h or ?

Help: display a summary of these commands. If you forget all the other commands, remember this one.


More utilizes the following environment variables, if they exist:


This variable may be set with favored options to more.


Current shell in use (normally set by the shell at login time).


Specifies terminal type, used by more to get the terminal characteristics necessary to manipulate the screen.


Display next k lines of text. Defaults to 1. Argument becomes new default.

d or ^D

Scroll k lines. Default is current scroll size, initially 11. Argument becomes new default.




Skip forward k lines of text. Defaults to 1.


Skip forward k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1.

b or ^B

Skip backwards k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1. Only works with files, not pipes.

Go to place where previous search started.


Display current line number.


Search for kth occurrence of regular expression. Defaults to 1.


Search for kth occurrence of last r.e. Defaults to 1.

!<cmd> or :!<cmd>

Execute <cmd> in a subshell


Start up an editor at current line. The editor is taken from the environment variable VISUAL if defined, or EDITOR if VISUAL is not defined, or defaults to "vi" if neither VISUAL nor EDITOR is defined.


Redraw screen


Go to kth next file. Defaults to 1.


Go to kth previous file. Defaults to 1.


Display current file name and line number


Repeat previous command


Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size.


Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size. Argument becomes new default.


The more command appeared in 3.0BSD. This man page documents more version 5.19 (Berkeley 6/29/88), which is currently in use in the Linux community. Documentation was produced using several other versions of the man page, and extensive inspection of the source code.

see also

vi , less


Eric Shienbrood, UC Berkeley
Modified by Geoff Peck, UCB to add underlining, single spacing
Modified by John Foderaro, UCB to add -c and MORE environment variable

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